Your Guide To The Best Brain Supplements (2023)

Cognitive health is top of mind—not only as you age, but any time you long for improved focus, clarity and energy. While experts agree that a healthy diet and lifestyle are two important factors for brain health, research suggests certain supplements can also help support brain and cognitive health—especially for older adults, people following restricted diets and people navigating certain medical conditions.

Before you start shopping, learn which research-backed supplements may preserve or improve brain function, and read expert guidance on how to keep your mind sharp as you age.

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Partner Offers feature brands who paid Forbes Health to appear at the top of our list. While this may influence where their products or services appear on our site, it in no way affects our ratings, which are based on thorough research, solid methodologies and expert advice. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products or services

Moon Juice Brain Dust

Your Guide To The Best Brain Supplements (2)
  • Vegan and gluten-free
  • Blend of adaptogens and herbs that work to target stress to support mental stamina, alertness, and concentration
  • Made with Lion’s Mane, Ginkgo, Rhodiola, Ashwagandha, Astragalus, and Maca
  • Pairs well with tea, coffee, chocolate & milk, or add to any smoothie

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Why Nutrition Matters for Brain Health

Nutrition affects cognitive health beyond fueling the body and brain throughout the day. In fact, nutrients from the foods you eat affect your brain function and can influence your risk for neurodegenerative disease.

“The brain requires essential nutrients to function properly,” explains David Seitz, M.D., medical director for Ascendant, a chemical dependency treatment center in New York. “Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, complex carbohydrates and healthy fats can help provide the necessary vitamins, minerals and antioxidants needed for sharp thinking and memory retention. Additionally, adequate nutrition is necessary for proper brain development during childhood [and] adolescence and even into adulthood,” he adds.


“What you do or don’t eat can affect your brain and mental health,” adds Lindsay Delk, registered dietitian and owner of Food and Mood Dietitian in Texas. The MIND diet was developed specifically to promote brain health and reduce the risk of developing dementia, she notes.

“The MIND diet combines elements of the Mediterranean and DASH diets. It focuses on foods that can boost brain health, including green leafy vegetables, berries, nuts, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans and olive oil,” explains Delk.

Virginia Beach-based registered dietitian Kristin Gillespie advises people to get nutrients through foods rather than supplements whenever possible. “Nutrients found in foods tend to be more readily absorbed by the body compared to the synthetic forms found in supplements,” she explains. Foods also provide additional nutrients and healthful compounds rather than focusing on a single nutrient or handful of nutrients, she adds.

Furthermore, when you get your nutrients from food, you don’t have to worry about getting too much or too little the way you do with a supplement, adds Dr. Seitz.

However, supplements can be a helpful way to fill any nutrient gaps in your diet. “For people whose diets may be inadequate in these nutrients (i.e., those with absorption issues or who are adhering to restricted diets), a supplement may be necessary,” explains Gillespie.

The Best Brain Supplements, According to Experts

While experts agree a healthy diet and lifestyle are the most important components of supporting brain health, research suggests the supplements below can help fill important nutrient gaps in a person’s diet—and potentially support cognitive health and mood.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Of all the supplements recommended by experts for brain health, omega-3 fatty acids top the list. “Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly the long-chain fatty acids DHA and EPA present in fatty fish, are essential for the development of the brain and the eyes and have a significant influence on mental health at all ages,“ notes Eva De Angelis, licensed dietitian nutritionist and chef based in Argentina.

These fatty acids help reduce inflammation in the body and the brain and are associated with a reduced risk of cognitive decline, Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, adds Delk.

Omega-3s play important roles in the membranes of nerve cells, and people with neurodegenerative disorders tend to have lower levels of EPA and DHA. Furthermore, research suggests omega-3s may help protect against neurodegeneration and reduce risk of cognitive decline.

The recommended daily intake of omega-3 fatty acids for all adults is between 1.1 and 1.6 grams. A typical fish oil supplement provides about 1,000 milligrams (or about 1 gram) of fish oil, with about 300 milligrams of omega-3s specifically. Dosage varies widely, so check product labels carefully before choosing a supplement.


Creatine supplementation is often used for building muscle and improving athletic performance, but recent research suggests creatine may help improve brain function as well.

According to a 2022 research review in the journal Nutrients, creatine may aid recovery from concussion and mild traumatic brain injury, ease symptoms of depression, improve cognition and help protect against neurodegenerative diseases. In one study referenced in the review, creatine supplementation helped improve memory in older adults[1]Forbes SC, Cordingley DM, Cornish SM, et al. Effects of Creatine Supplementation on Brain Function and Health. Nutrients. 2022;14(5). .

Creatine is a naturally occurring amino acid found in muscle tissue and the brain. It’s important for energy production, especially during times of increased metabolic demand, such as sleep deprivation.

According to the Internal Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN), consuming up to 30 grams of creatine monohydrate daily for five years is safe for healthy individuals. If you choose to supplement with creatine, the ISSN recommends starting with a daily dose of around 0.3 grams of creatine per kilogram of body weight (for example, 20 grams of creatine for a 150-pound person) for five to seven days, followed by 3 to 5 grams daily thereafter. It’s important to stick to the recommended dosages, as ingesting too much creatine at once can cause damage to the liver or kidneys.


Research confirms what coffee lovers around the world suspect—caffeine improves cognitive performance. A 2016 research review in the journal Practical Neurology suggests caffeine can increase alertness and feelings of well-being, improve concentration and mood and help alleviate depression symptoms. It’s even associated with a reduced risk of cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease[2]Nehlig A. Effects of coffee/caffeine on brain health and disease: What should I tell my patients? . Pract Neurol. 2016;16(2):89-95. .

“Caffeine is very popular for cognitive function, as it has demonstrated neuroprotective benefits,” notes Susan Hewlings Ph.D., vice president of research affairs at Radicle Science.

Just don’t overdo it. Experts recommend limiting caffeine intake to no more than 400 milligrams (about five cups of coffee, depending on the brew strength) a day and no more than 200 milligrams per sitting. Excessive caffeine consumption can be associated with restlessness, insomnia and heart palpitations.


L-theanine is an amino acid found naturally in some mushrooms, as well as green and black teas. “It’s linked to an improvement in mental performance and focus in numerous studies,” notes Chicago-based registered dietitian Leah Johnston.

In one small study in the journal Neuropharmacology, participants who took 100 milligrams of L-theanine before a monitored two-hour task period made fewer errors during that time than those who received a placebo[3]Foxe JJ, Morie KP, Laud PJ, Rowson MJ, de Bruin EA, Kelly SP. Assessing the effects of caffeine and theanine on the maintenance of vigilance during a sustained attention task. Neuropharmacology. 2012;62(7):2320-2327. .

While there isn’t an established dose recommendation or upper limit for L-theanine supplementation, studies examining its effects on cognitive function often use daily doses between 100 and 250 milligrams. A cup of green tea provides between 8 to 30 milligrams of L-theanine.

(Video) Neuroscientist: The Only Supplements You Need - Dr. Huberman

Vitamin D

Though called the sunshine vitamin, vitamin D is actually a hormone, notes U.K.-based specialist dietitian Sascha Landskron. “Vitamin D has hundreds of important functions [in the body] and is essential for good brain health,” she adds.

Research shows vitamin D is important for early brain development, and deficiency is linked to conditions including dementia, depression, autism and schizophrenia. One 2017 study in Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research suggests vitamin D helps maintain cognitive function in older adults[4]Lau H, Mat Ludin AF, Rajab NF, Shahar S. Identification of Neuroprotective Factors Associated with Successful Ageing and Risk of Cognitive Impairment among Malaysia Older Adults. Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res. 2017;2017. .

While the best source of vitamin D is sun exposure, you may need a supplement during the winter months or if you work indoors, wear sunscreen, cover your skin, have darker skin or have obesity, advises Landskron. Good food sources of vitamin D include cod liver oil, fatty fish like salmon and trout, mushrooms and fortified cereals and milk.

For most adults, the ideal daily dose for vitamin D is 600 to 800 IU. However, people supplementing with vitamin D over the long term can experience adverse health effects over time, such as high calcium levels in the blood, which can block blood vessels or cause kidney stones. Consider getting your vitamin D levels checked and consulting with your health care provider to determine the correct vitamin D supplementation dose for your body’s needs.


“Found naturally in eggs, choline is an essential nutrient that helps your brain make acetylcholine, which is a neurotransmitter needed for memory and general cognition,” explains Jacques Jospitre, Jr., M.D., board-certified psychiatrist and co-founder of SohoMD in New York.

In one study of over 2,000 older adults, those who consumed high amounts of choline tended to have lower risk of cognitive decline[5]Liu L, Qiao S, Zhuang L, et al. Choline Intake Correlates with Cognitive Performance among Elder Adults in the United States. Behavioural Neurology. 2021;2021. . While more human clinical trials are needed, animal-based research shows some promise in regards to choline’s role in reducing amyloid plaques and Alzheimer’s disease risk, adds Dr. Jospitre.


Resveratrol, an antioxidant polyphenol abundant in grapes and red wine, may help protect cells from damage, improve blood flow to the brain and slow cognitive decline. “Taking resveratrol supplements could prevent the deterioration of the hippocampus, an important part of the brain associated with memory,” notes Adash Bajaj, M.D., an anti-aging and longevity specialist in Los Angeles.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), supplementing with up to 1,500 milligrams of resveratrol daily for up to three months is considered safe. Higher doses up to 3,000 milligrams are also safe but more likely to cause stomach upset. Resveratrol can also slow blood clotting, so it should be avoided in people preparing for surgery or who take blood thinner medications.

Lion’s Mane Mushrooms

Lion’s mane mushrooms (Hericium erinaceus) are tied to a host of health benefits, including reducing inflammation, treating anxiety or depression and enhancing cognitive function,” notes Johnston.

According to New York-based prebiotic and gut health expert Kara Landau, lion’s mane mushrooms support oxygen flow to the brain and can enhance memory, focus and concentration. “I find incorporating [lion’s mane mushrooms] on a daily basis helps one have a clearer mind and be able to take on the day without the negative side effects of increasing caffeine [intake],” she says.

Landau recommends starting with 250 to 500 milligrams of lion’s mane mushrooms daily to gauge your body’s tolerance, working up to around 1 gram daily. Note that, similar to resveratrol, lion’s mane mushrooms can interfere with the body’s blood clotting abilities. It can also cause a rash for some people.

B Vitamins

The eight B vitamins play essential roles in brain health. “The vitamin B complex is crucial for supporting healthy brain function and may protect against memory loss, cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases,” says De Angelis.

Vitamins B6, B9 (folate) and B12 specifically are necessary for the metabolism of homocysteine, a molecule created in methionine metabolism, notes De Angelis. “Chances of neurodegeneration and cognitive decline increase with high blood homocysteine levels because it can cause oxidative stress and DNA damage,” she explains.

Most people can meet their B vitamin needs through a nutritious, well-balanced diet. However, older adults, people who follow plant-based diets and those with certain medical conditions may need a supplement to meet their needs. The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin B6 for adults is between 1.2 and 2 milligrams daily, the RDA for folate for adults is between 400 and 600 micrograms daily, and the RDA for vitamin B12 for adults is between 2.4 and 2.8 micrograms daily. Most B vitamins are safe, but consuming excessive amounts of vitamin B6 can lead to nerve damage.


Theobromine is a natural stimulant found in chocolate that helps people feel more alert without the jittery feeling often associated with caffeine-containing foods and beverages, explains Landau. While animal and in vitro studies suggest theobromine may be effective at enhancing cognitive performance by improving blood flow to the brain, more studies in humans are needed.

Landau recommends a daily cup of brewed cacao as a delicious, rich source of theobromine.

Probiotics and Prebiotics

Gut health is another important factor for optimal cognitive function, according to Hewlings. “Probiotics can benefit cognition via the gut-brain axis,” she says, which connects the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system through bidirectional neural, hormonal and immune signaling pathways.

In a 2021 study in the Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 12 weeks of supplementation with a probiotic combination of Bifidobacterium bifidum BGN4 and Bifidobacterium longum BORI specifically appeared to improve brain function and decrease perceived stress in healthy older adults[6]Kim CS, Cha L, Sim M, et al. Probiotic Supplementation Improves Cognitive Function and Mood with Changes in Gut Microbiota in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2021;76(1):32-40. .

Prebiotics—non-digestible fibers in fruits, vegetables and grains—also support gut health by providing food for healthy gut bacteria. Landau recommends prebiotics called galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) for both gut health and mood support. “GOS is a specific prebiotic that’s proven to support mental health,” she says. According to Landau, as little as 5.5 grams of GOS daily may help relieve anxiety.

In addition to probiotic and prebiotic supplements, you can support healthy gut flora by eating a wide range of fruits, vegetables and grains rich in prebiotic fiber, as well as fermented foods like kimchi, yogurt and sauerkraut that naturally contain probiotic bacteria.


While magnesium has many important physiological functions, its effect on brain health and cognition is only starting to come into focus. Magnesium supports normal neural function by protecting brain and nervous system cells from degeneration. Multiple studies suggest low magnesium consumption is associated with higher risk of cognitive impairment and dementia.

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A 2022 study of over 2,500 people ages 60 and older found those who consumed the highest amounts of magnesium through food and supplements had higher scores on cognitive tests compared to those who consumed the least amounts of magnesium[7]Tao MH, Liu J, Cervantes D. Association between magnesium intake and cognition in US older adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 to 2014. Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions. 2022;8(1):e12250. . Another long-term study found low magnesium levels during middle age to be associated with increased risk of dementia but not cognitive decline[8]Alam AB, Lutsey PL, Gottesman RF, Tin A, Alonso A. Low Serum Magnesium is Associated with Incident Dementia in the ARIC-NCS Cohort. Nutrients 2020;12(10):3074. . However, in both studies, it’s unclear whether low levels of magnesium increase the risk of dementia or if people with dementia have low levels of magnesium for some other reason.

Magnesium is widely available in many plant- and animal-based foods, including leafy green vegetables like spinach, legumes, nuts, seeds and whole grains. The RDA for magnesium is between 310 and 420 milligrams for adult men and women.

Healthy people don’t need to worry about getting too much magnesium from food—the kidneys filter out magnesium the body doesn’t need. But high doses of magnesium supplements can lead to gastrointestinal issues like nausea and diarrhea or even toxicity when taken in excess.


Ashwagandha is a shrub used in the traditional Ayurvedic system of medicine to help enhance memory and reduce stress. Emerging research suggests ashwagandha may help improve cognitive function.

In one small but well-designed 2017 study in the Journal of Dietary Supplements, 50 adults with mild cognitive impairment received either 300 milligrams of ashwagandha root extract twice daily or a placebo for eight weeks. Those taking ashwagandha experienced significant improvements in memory, executive function, attention and information-processing speed compared to those who took a placebo[9]Choudhary D, Bhattacharyya S, Bose S. Efficacy and Safety of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal) Root Extract in Improving Memory and Cognitive Functions. J Diet Suppl. 2017;14(6):599-612. .

In another 2021 study in Evidence-Based Complementary Alternative Medicine, healthy but stressed adults who took 300 milligrams of sustained-release ashwagandha extract daily for 90 days experienced significantly improved memory and focus, as well as psychological well-being, sleep quality and reduced stress compared to those who took a placebo[10]Gopukumar K, Thanawala S, Somepalli V, Rao TSS, Thamatam VB, Chauhan S. Efficacy and Safety of Ashwagandha Root Extract on Cognitive Functions in Healthy, Stressed Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021;2021. .

Ashwagandha is commonly used in doses up to 1,000 milligrams daily for up to 12 weeks. While ashwagandha may be used safely in the short term, its long-term safety isn’t known, and large doses may lead to gastrointestinal upset or, rarely, liver problems.

According to the NIH, ashwagandha may interact with certain prescription medications, including antidiabetes drugs, antihypertensive drugs, immunosuppressants, benzodiazepines, certain sedative medications and thyroid hormones.

Consult your health care provider before taking ashwagandha to determine a proper dose for your needs and ensure it’s safe for you and medications you take. People who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid taking ashwagandha.

Phosphatidylserine (PS)

Phosphatidylserine (PS) is a class of phospholipids naturally found in brain tissue membranes. PS plays a critical role in communication throughout the nervous system by activating important signaling pathways and affecting the release of chemical messengers known as neurotransmitters. Studies suggest supplementing with PS can help protect brain health, lower risk of central nervous system diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, and improve cognitive function by reducing inflammation in the brain.

Observing the effect of phosphatidylserine on cognitive function in older adults, a 2022 review and meta-analysis in the Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology found PS supplementation at a level of 300 milligrams daily may improve cognitive function and memory without side effects[11]Kang EY, Cui F, Kim HK, et al. Effect of phosphatidylserine on cognitive function in the elderly: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Food Sci Technol. 2022;54(1):52-58. .

However, many of the available studies on PS are dated, small and of relatively short duration. While more studies are needed to know whether supplementing with PS can improve brain health and cognition, the existing research seems promising.

There’s currently no recommended dose of PS, but studies suggest doses between 300 and 500 milligrams per day are safe and free of side effects.


One of the simplest ways to support brain health is to stay hydrated. About 73% of the brain and central nervous system is composed of water.

“Hydration is key for allowing nutrients into the brain and for toxins to get out of the brain,” explains Dr. Jospitre. “It sounds simple, but ensuring adequate water intake is very important to ideal brain health, and most people typically don’t get enough.

The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies recommends adult women consume about 11 cups and men about 15 cups of water daily, including fluid from fruits, vegetables and other water-rich foods you eat.

However, even water can be toxic in very large quantities. If you drink excessive amounts of water faster than your kidneys can process it, it can deplete the sodium levels in your blood to dangerously low levels, resulting in psychosis, coma and potentially death.

FEATURED PARTNER OFFER Your Guide To The Best Brain Supplements (4)

Partner Offers feature brands who paid Forbes Health to appear at the top of our list. While this may influence where their products or services appear on our site, it in no way affects our ratings, which are based on thorough research, solid methodologies and expert advice. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products or services

Moon Juice Brain Dust

Your Guide To The Best Brain Supplements (5)
  • Vegan and gluten-free
  • Blend of adaptogens and herbs that work to target stress to support mental stamina, alertness, and concentration
  • Made with Lion’s Mane, Ginkgo, Rhodiola, Ashwagandha, Astragalus, and Maca
  • Pairs well with tea, coffee, chocolate & milk, or add to any smoothie

On Moon Juice's Website

(Video) Top Supplements You Should Be Taking | Dr. Daniel Amen

What to Look for When Buying Supplements for Cognitive Health

When choosing supplements to support cognitive health, Dr. Jospitre recommends avoiding any product that claims to prevent or reverse cognitive decline easily. “While supplemental nutrients are very helpful and [may] have research supporting their effects, there are no proven supplements that can make these claims by themselves. As usual, anything that sounds too good to be true usually is,” he says.

Landau recommends examining the quantity of nutrients in any supplement before you take it. “A lot of products add ‘fairy dust’ amounts of a hyped nutrient to draw in consumers but never offer any significant amount associated with clinically proven benefits,” she explains. On the flip side, some supplements may contain dosages above recommended limits, which could pose a toxicity risk over time.

Keep in mind that supplements aren’t regulated as drugs by the Food and Drug Administration, so it’s important to buy high-quality supplements from a reputable source, advises Delk. “Choose a supplement that has the good manufacturing practices (GMP) certification and undergoes third-party testing,” she adds.

Lastly, always consult a health care professional before starting any new supplement to be sure it’s safe for you and won’t interact with other medications you’re already taking.

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(Video) Which Supplements are Best for Your Brain Type? with Dr. Parris Kidd - TBWWP with Dr. Daniel Amen


Do any of the brain supplements really work? ›

Forget about those over-the-counter products that promise better memory. A recent survey found that about 25% of adults over age 50 take a supplement to improve their brain health with the promise of enhanced memory and sharper attention and focus. The problem? There's no solid proof any of them work.

What is the number one best brain supplement? ›

#1. NooCube: Overall Best Brain Supplement for Memory, Focus, and Cognitive Function. If you are looking for a natural, safe and powerful way to enhance your cognitive ability and sharpen your learning skills, then NooCube may just be the supplement for you.

What vitamin is best for brain memory? ›

Like vitamin D, vitamin B12 has so many mental benefits. Getting enough vitamin B12 may give you more energy, improve memory, and make learning new things easier.

What is the best memory medicine for seniors? ›

Donepezil (Aricept®): approved to treat all stages of Alzheimer's disease. Rivastigmine (Exelon®): approved for mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's as well as mild-to-moderate dementia associated with Parkinson's disease. Galantamine (Razadyne®): approved for mild-to-moderate stages of Alzheimer's disease.

What are the 3 foods that fight memory loss? ›

What are the foods that fight memory loss? Berries, fish, and leafy green vegetables are 3 of the best foods that fight memory loss. There's a mountain of evidence showing they support and protect brain health.

What supplements help rewire the brain? ›

Based on clinical evidence, here are some of the best supplements for brain injury recovery:
  • Omega-3s. Omega-3 fatty acids are great for improving overall brain health. ...
  • Vitamin B12. ...
  • MCT Oil. ...
  • Antioxidants (Vitamins C, E, and Beta Carotene) ...
  • Vitamin D. ...
  • Probiotics. ...
  • Acetyl L-Carnitine.
Feb 3, 2022

Are any brain supplements FDA approved? ›

The truth is there are currently no cognitive health supplements or homeopathic remedies approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Medical experts and consumers cannot know for sure what is actually in these products, and if they are safe and effective because they are not FDA-approved.

How can I improve my brain memory and function? ›

  1. Be physically active every day. Physical activity raises blood flow to the whole body, including the brain. ...
  2. Stay mentally active. ...
  3. Spend time with others. ...
  4. Stay organized. ...
  5. Sleep well. ...
  6. Eat a healthy diet. ...
  7. Manage chronic health problems.

What supplements help with brain fog and memory? ›

  • Vitamin D. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble nutrient necessary for immune system function, brain health, and more. ...
  • Omega-3s. Omega-3 fatty acids are well known for their impressive health effects. ...
  • Magnesium. ...
  • Vitamin C. ...
  • B complex. ...
  • L-theanine.
Aug 26, 2021

How I cured my brain fog? ›

Treatment – ways to end brain fog
  1. Spend less time on computer and mobile phone – remind yourself to take a break.
  2. Positive thinking, reduce stress.
  3. Change your diet.
  4. Get enough sleep – 7-8 hours a day, go to bed at 10pm or no later than midnight.
  5. Regular exercise.
  6. Avoid alcohol, smoking, and drinking coffee in the afternoon.

How much B12 should I take daily for memory? ›

There are no specific dosage recommendations for B12 supplements for mental performance or mood. Optimal dosing of vitamin B12 varies by age, lifestyle, and dietary needs. The general recommendation for adults is 2.4 mcg. Older adults, as well as people who are pregnant and breastfeeding, require higher doses.

How can a 70 year old improve memory? ›

Here are some tips:
  1. Learn a new skill.
  2. Follow a daily routine.
  3. Plan tasks, make to-do lists, and use memory tools such as calendars and notes.
  4. Put your wallet or purse, keys, phone, and glasses in the same place each day.
  5. Stay involved in activities that can help both the mind and body.

What is the number one supplement for dementia? ›

Vitamins B6 and B12

One research study showed that taking a combination of vitamins B12, B6, and folic acid over two years slowed the shrinkage of the brain.

What is the number one medicine for memory loss? ›

Cholinesterase inhibitors are the first choice of treatment for memory loss. The doctor may also prescribe the single-dose drug combination Namzeric to treat moderate to severe memory loss.

What drink improves memory? ›

Here are 15 juices and drinks that may boost your brain health.
  • Coffee. Coffee is probably the most widely consumed nootropic beverage. ...
  • Green tea. Green tea's caffeine content is much lower than coffee's. ...
  • Kombucha. ...
  • Orange juice. ...
  • Blueberry juice. ...
  • Green juices and smoothies. ...
  • Turmeric lattes. ...
  • Adaptogen lattes.

What is the 5 word memory test? ›

Administration: The examiner reads a list of 5 words at a rate of one per second, giving the following instructions: “This is a memory test. I am going to read a list of words that you will have to remember now and later on. Listen carefully. When I am through, tell me as many words as you can remember.

Is peanut butter good for memory? ›

When it comes to choosing the right healthy foods for your brain, peanuts and peanut butter are a nutritious option: they can help with improving memory, cognitive function and concentration, they can give your mood a boost, and they can even support the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.

What supplements help with brain and anxiety? ›

Supplements for anxiety
  • Vitamin D3: Vitamin D3 can improve mood and energy, and it has been a must for many of my patients throughout the pandemic, says Dr. Madrak. ...
  • Magnesium: ...
  • Melatonin: ...
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: ...
  • Chamomile: ...
  • Valerian root: ...
  • Ashwagandha: ...
  • Kava:
May 1, 2023

What is the best magnesium for the brain? ›

Magnesium L-threonate

Magnesium L-threonate is often used for its potential brain benefits and may help manage certain brain disorders, such as depression, Alzheimer's disease, and age-related memory loss.

What over the counter supplements help with memory? ›

Memory Supplements With Potential
  • Omega-3 fatty acid. Omega-3 fish oil supplements have piqued great interest. ...
  • Huperzine A. Also known as Chinese club moss, this natural medicine works in a similar way as Alzheimer's drugs. ...
  • Acetyl-L-carnitine. ...
  • Vitamin E. ...
  • Asian (or Panax) ginseng.
Dec 16, 2010

What is the new medication for the brain? ›

U.S. health officials approved Leqembi, a new Alzheimer's drug that modestly slows the brain disease. The FDA granted accelerated approval Friday for patients in early stages of Alzheimer's.

What is the new drug for brain function? ›

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted accelerated approval to a new Alzheimer's treatment called lecanemab, which has been shown to moderately slow cognitive and functional decline in early-stage cases of the disease.

Who should not take prevagen? ›

Prevagen is not FDA-approved for memory loss and shouldn't be used if you have serious memory problems, including Alzheimer's disease.

Is Coffee good for the brain? ›

In addition, caffeine has many positive actions on the brain. It can increase alertness and well-being, help concentration, improve mood and limit depression. Caffeine may disturb sleep, but only in sensitive individuals. It may raise anxiety in a small subset of particularly sensitive people.

Which fruit is best for brain? ›

Fruits. Certain fruits such as oranges, bell peppers, guava, kiwi, tomatoes, and strawberries, contain high amounts of vitamin C. Vitamin C helps prevent brain cells from becoming damaged and supports overall brain health. In fact, a study found that vitamin C can potentially prevent Alzheimer's.

What is the best breakfast for brain fog? ›

Eggs are loaded with choline, a type of B-vitamin that can enhance memory and cognition. It's a component of phosphatidylcholine, a critical part of cell membranes, especially brain cells. To incorporate eggs into your meals, try deviled eggs, but mash the yolks with avocado instead of mayonnaise.

How can I rewire my brain for memory? ›

How to rewire your brain
  1. Take new routes. Every new experience has the potential to enhance your brain's ability to change. ...
  2. Move. A 2018 literature review showed that physical exercise can promote neuroplasticity in general. ...
  3. Practice meditation.
  4. Learn a new skill. ...
  5. Rest.
Nov 12, 2021

How can I rebuild my brain naturally? ›

  1. Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  2. Increase your activity slowly.
  3. Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  4. Avoid alcohol, drugs, and caffeine.
  5. Eat brain-healthy foods.
  6. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
Jan 18, 2017

How do you stay sharp in old age? ›

Here are five ways to help keep your mind sharp as you age:
  1. Stimulate Your Brain. According to the Alzheimer Association, mental stimulation is important for brain health. ...
  2. Eat Smart. ...
  3. Exercise Regularly. ...
  4. Quit Smoking and Limit Drinking. ...
  5. Control Your Cholesterol and High Blood Pressure.
May 30, 2019

Which vitamin deficiency causes fatigue and mental depression? ›

Low levels of B-12 and other B vitamins such as vitamin B-6 and folate may be linked to depression. Low levels of a vitamin can result from eating a poor diet or not being able to absorb the vitamins you consume.

What supplements are good for brain inflammation? ›

Fish oil is one of the most popular supplements for reducing inflammation due to its high omega-3 fat content. Fish oil supplementation has an impressive record for improving brain health and functions of all kinds, such as mood, cognition, and mental well-being.

What vitamin helps you focus? ›

B vitamins, as well as vitamins C and D, may help support concentration and focus. No supplement or vitamin nootropic cocktail or regime has been shown to reverse cognitive impairment or fix medical diagnoses, such as ADHD or other issues with focus and executive functioning.

What nutrient deficiency causes brain fog? ›

A deficiency in several nutrients could potentially contribute to brain fog, including vitamin D, vitamin B12, iron, and omega-3 fatty acids. Low levels of magnesium, vitamin C, and choline may also cause brain fog, but more research is needed.

What are 6 possible causes of brain fog? ›

6 common causes for brain fog
  • An inflammatory response. While we mostly relate inflammation to joints, did you know your brain can become inflamed too? ...
  • Asthma and allergies. ...
  • Anxiety, depression and stress. ...
  • Cancer treatments. ...
  • Hormonal changes. ...
  • Sleep.
Jan 12, 2021

Is brain fog reversible? ›

People usually recover from brain fog. You may get similar symptoms after other infections, a minor head injury or during the menopause. Brain fog is also common if you have depression, anxiety or stress.

Should I take B12 or B complex? ›

When it comes to the issue of vitamin B12 vs B complex, both types of vitamins are crucial. If you're lacking B12, consume more of it via supplements or food. If you're lacking vitamin B in general, consider B complex vitamins instead. Overall, both vitamins are essential nutrients.

Can I take vitamin D and B12 together? ›

Fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins

For example, although it's safe to take vitamin D with vitamin B12, it's not advisable, says Virgilio Sanchez, MD, a board certified family medicine physician at Conviva Care Center in Miami, Florida.

Is 1000 mg of B12 too much daily? ›

There is no risk of an overdose when taking large amounts of vitamin B-12 such as 1000 mcg, because it is a water-soluble vitamin. Meaning the body will use the amount that it needs then the excess will be excreted through urine.

What is the 3 word memory test? ›

A third test, known as the Mini-Cog, takes 2 to 4 minutes to administer and involves asking patients to recall three words after drawing a picture of a clock. If a patient shows no difficulties recalling the words, it is inferred that he or she does not have dementia.

What are the 10 warning signs of dementia? ›

10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer's
  • Memory loss that disrupts daily life. ...
  • Challenges in planning or solving problems. ...
  • Difficulty completing familiar tasks. ...
  • Confusion with time or place. ...
  • Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships. ...
  • New problems with words in speaking or writing.

Why do I forget things I was just thinking about? ›

Forgetfulness can arise from stress, depression, lack of sleep or thyroid problems. Other causes include side effects from certain medicines, an unhealthy diet or not having enough fluids in your body (dehydration). Taking care of these underlying causes may help resolve your memory problems.

What is the best supplement for cognitive decline? ›

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements

Among the nutritional and dietary factors studied to prevent cognitive decline in older adults, the most consistent positive research findings are for omega-3 fatty acids, often measured as how much fish is consumed in the diet.

What is the best multivitamin for dementia? ›

What Are the Best Vitamins for Dementia Patients?
  • Vitamins E and C. Research shows that those who eat a diet rich in vitamins C and E have a 20-25% lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. ...
  • Vitamin D. ...
  • Zinc. ...
  • Vitamin B1. ...
  • Vitamin B6. ...
  • Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid. ...
  • Panax Ginseng. ...
  • Phosphatidylserine.
May 17, 2018

What tablets slow down dementia? ›

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors

Donepezil (also known as Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) and galantamine (Reminyl) are used to treat the symptoms of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. Donepezil is also used to treat more severe Alzheimer's disease.

Which is better Neuriva or focus factor? ›

Neuriva vs Focus Factor: Which is better? Neuriva Plus contains fewer ingredients than Focus Factor, but at least you can see the dosages of every ingredient, which you cannot do for Focus Factor. This ultimately makes Neuriva a better nootropic than Focus Factor.


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